Electrodynamics. Lectures on Theoretical Physics, Vol. III. BY ARNOLD SOMMERFELD. University of Munich. Translated by. EDWARD G. RAMBERG. Authors: Arnold Sommerfeld. eBook ISBN: Imprint: Academic Press. Published Date: 1st January Page Count: Select country/region . Read Electrodynamics by Arnold Sommerfeld by Arnold Sommerfeld by Arnold Sommerfeld for free with a 30 day free trial. Read eBook on the web, iPad.

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He served as doctoral supervisor for many Nobel Prize winners in physics and chemistry only J.

Thomson’s record of mentorship is comparable to his. He introduced the 2nd quantum number azimuthal quantum number and the 4th quantum sommerfedl spin quantum number. He also introduced the fine-structure constant and pioneered X-ray wave theory.

His dissertation advisor was the mathematician Ferdinand von Lindemannsomjerfeld and he also benefited sommerfeld classes with mathematicians Adolf Hurwitz and David Hilbert and physicist Emil Wiechert. He completed his obligatory military service in Septemberand for the next eight years continued voluntary eight-week military service. With his turned up moustache, his physical build, his Prussian bearing, and the fencing scar on his face, he gave sommerfepd impression of being a colonel in the hussars.

In SeptemberSommerfeld became Felix Klein ‘s assistant, which included taking comprehensive notes during Klein’s lectures and writing them up for the Mathematics Reading Room, as well as managing the reading room. Lectures by Klein in and on rotating bodies led Klein and Sommerfeld to write a four-volume text Die Theorie des Kreisels — a year collaboration, — The first two volumes were on theory, and the latter two were on applications in geophysics, astronomy, and technology.

This appointment provided enough income to eventually marry Johanna. At Aachen, he developed the theory of hydrodynamicswhich would retain his interest for a long time. From Sommerfeld established himself as ordinarius professor of physics and director of the new Theoretical Physics Institute at the University of Munich.

Up until the late 19th century and early 20th century, experimental physics in Germany was considered as having a higher status within the community.

Over his 32 years of teaching at Munich, Sommerfeld taught general and specialized courses, as well as holding seminars and colloquia.

There was also a two-hour weekly presentation for the discussion of problems. The specialized courses were of topical interest and based on Sommerfeld’s research interests; material from these courses appeared later in the scientific literature publications of Sommerfeld.

The objective of these special lectures was to grapple with current issues in theoretical physics and for Sommerfeld eectrodynamics the students to garner a systematic comprehension of the issue, independent of whether or not they were successful in solving the problem posed by the current issue. For a list of students, please see the list organized by type.

Kemble[28] William V. Morse[31] [32] Howard Robertson[33] and Wojciech Rubinowicz [34] went on to become famous in their own right.

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Max Born believed Sommerfeld’s abilities included the “discovery and development of talents. He invited collaboration from them, and their ideas often influenced his own views in physics. He entertained them in his home and met with them in cafes before and after seminars and colloquia. Sommerfeld owned an alpine ski hut to which sommerfeldd were often invited for discussions of physics as demanding as the sport. While at Munich, Sommerfeld came in contact with the special theory of relativity by Albert Einsteinwhich was not yet widely accepted at that time.


His mathematical contributions to the theory helped its acceptance by the skeptics.

Electrodynamics: Lectures On Theoretical Physics – Arnold Sommerfeld – Google Books

He became one of the founders of quantum mechanics ; some of his contributions included co-discovery of the Sommerfeld—Wilson quantization rulesa generalization of Bohr’s atomic modelintroduction of the Sommerfeld fine-structure constantco-discovery with Walther Kossel of the Sommerfeld—Kossel displacement law[37] and publishing Atombau und Spektrallinienwhich became the “bible” [38] of atomic theory for the new generation of physicists who developed atomic and quantum physics.

Since any reputable scientist could have their article published without refereeing, time between submission and publication was very rapid — as fast as two weeks time. This greatly stimulated the scientific theoretical developments, especially that of quantum mechanics in Germany at that time, as this journal was the preferred publication vehicle for the new generation of quantum theorists arjold avant-garde views. In Sommerfeld applied Fermi—Dirac statistics to the Drude model of electrons in metals — a model put forth by Paul Drude.

The new theory solved many of the problems predicting thermal properties the original model had electfodynamics became known as the Drude—Sommerfeld model.

Sommerfeld was a great theoretician, and besides his invaluable electrodynammics to the quantum theory, he worked in other fields of physics, such as the classical theory of electromagnetism.

For example, he proposed a solution to the problem of a radiating hertzian dipole over a conducting earth, which over the years led to many applications. His Sommerfeld identity and Sommerfeld integrals are still to the present day the most electrodynamiics way to solve this kind of problem. Arnolr, as a mark of the prowess of Sommerfeld’s school of theoretical physics and the rise of theoretical sommerrfeld in the early s, as ofnearly one-third of the ordinarius professors of theoretical physics in the German-speaking world were students of Sommerfeld.

On 1 April Sommerfeld achieved emeritus status, however, he stayed on as his own temporary replacement during the selection process for his successor, which took until 1 December The process was lengthy due to academic and political differences between the Munich Faculty’s selection and that of both the Reichserziehungsministerium REM; Reich Education Ministry and the supporters of Deutsche Physik[43] [44] which was anti-Semitic and had a bias against theoretical physicsespecially including quantum mechanics.

I sommeerfeld now be willing to see Germany disappear as a power and merge into a pacified Europe. Inthe center for theoretical physics at the University of Munich was named after him. Sommerfeld died in in Munich from injuries after a traffic accident while walking with his grandchildren.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Sommerfeld disambiguation. MunichWest Germany. Obituary Slectrodynamics of Fellows of the Royal Society. The Life and Science of John Bardeen. Retrieved 12 May Cassidy Cassidy,pp.

Other authors provide information which can be used to decide between the two, in view of Sommerfeld’s abilities. Jungnickel Jungnickel, b, pp. He did little research himself, did not attract physicists, had few publications to his name, and as a physics teacher was a “popularizer”. Sommerfeld was closely associated with Emil Wiechert, who gave him many impressions. Wilfried Schroeder has published the earlier arnolf between Sommerfeld and Wiechert Arch.


At the end of the 19th and the early 20th century, there were only four ordinarius professorships for theoretical physics: In comments made on spmmerfeld status of theoretical physics in anold, Voigt only mentioned Planck, Wilhelm WienPaul Drudeand Sommerfeld. Please see the main text for sommefreld footnotes on some students, especially the postdoctoral students. Doctoral completing requirements elsewhere: Doctoral with Sommsrfeld as secondary advisor and the primary advisor annotated in parentheses: HoustonEdwin C.

KemblePhilip M. He then went on to finish his Ph. American Philosophical Society Author Catalog: Peierls Archived at the Wayback Machine. Kemble at Harvard University. American Journal of Physics 23 7 — The author states that he attended Sommerfeld’s lectures, and specifically on optics, in Brillouin Archived at the Wayback Machine.

Pauling Archived at the Wayback Machine. Rabi, translated and edited by R. Fraser Code Stories from the early days of quantum mechanicsPhysics Today 8 36—41 In the article, Rabi comments on his experience as a postdoctoral student of Sommerfeld.

Von Laue completed his Habilitation in He was traveling with Philip M.

Morse In at the Beginnings: American Institute of Physics: Edward Condon Archived at the Wayback Machine. Condon Archived at the Wayback Machine. Eckart Archived at the Wayback Machine. Houston Biography Archived at the Wayback Machine. Mulligan, National Academy Adnold, In this article, the following students of Arnold Sommerfeld are mentioned: Fraser Code Stories from the early days of quantum mechanicsPhysics Today 8 36—41 p.

Current Electroeynamics 81 No. There were three names on the list: The Munich Faculty was firmly behind these candidates, with Heisenberg as their first choice. However, supporters of Deutsche Physik and elements in the Reichserziehungsministerium had their own list of candidates and the battle commenced, dragging on for over four years.

Arnold Sommerfeld

During this time, Heisenberg, came under vicious attack by the supporters of Deutsche Physik; one such attack was published in Electrodynamifs Schwarze Korpsthe newspaper of the Schutzstaffelor SS, headed by Heinrich Himmler. At one point, Heisenberg’s mother visited Himmler’s mother to help bring a resolution to the affair.

The two women knew each other as a result of Heisenberg’s maternal grandfather and Himmler’s father being rectors and members of a Bavarian hiking club. Document 85 in Hentschel,pp. Document 93 in Hentschel,pp. American Journal of Physics. Archived from the original on 6 November Retrieved 4 May Archived from the original on 12 February Archived from the original on 3 February Archived from the original on Retrieved from ” https: Webarchive template wayback links Webarchive template archiveis links CS1 maint: