This manual, the infamous KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation, dated July , is the source of much of the material in the second manual. KUBARK. Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and particularly the counterintelligence interrogation of resistant sources. This page report, classified Secret, was drafted in July as a comprehensive guide for training interrogators in the art of obtaining.

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Other definitions have been included despite a common agreement about meaning if the significance is shaded by the context. This principle also affects the decision to employ coercive techniques and governs the choice of these methods. The manual gives the suggestion that prisoners be deprived of sleep and food, and made to maintain rigid positions, such as standing at attention for long counterintelligenfe.

TRANSCEND MEDIA SERVICE » CIA, KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation Manual

Then a friendly soul treats him to an unexpected walk in the woods. Experiencing relief and exhilaration, the subject will usually find it impossible not to respond to innocuous comments on the weather and the flowers.

If during screening or any other pre-interrogation phase it is ascertained that the source has been interrogated before, this fact should be made known to the interrogator. Or he may remain silent when accused, enjoying the “punishment. Other applicable hypotheses are that fear increases the affiliative needs of first-born and only children much more than those of the later-born.

On the other hand, the interrogator must not accede to demands which cannot or should not be met. The interrogator begins routine questioning of A, speaking rather softly and inducing A to follow suit. This is the oldest manual, and describes the use of abusive techniques, as exemplified by two references to the use of electric shock, in addition to use of threats and fear, sensory deprivation, and isolation.

Bi-level functioning is not difficult or even unusual; most people act counterintelligrnce times as both performer and observer unless their emotions are so deeply involved in the situation that the critical faculty disintegrates. It will probably counterlntelligence rewarding if the room and the interrogator look exceptionally neat. Horowitz has been quoted and summarized at some length because it is considered that the foregoing is a basically sound account of the processes that evoke confessions from sources whose resistance is not strong at the outset, who have not previously-been confronted with detention and interrogation, and who have not been trained by an adversary intelligence or security service in resistance techniques.


Second, there are many “code” names used in the book which is to be expected in a document counterintelligejce this kindand nowhere in the edition is there a footnote or list mentioning what they mean. They often reach decisions very slowly.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals

As a rule, the best way for the interrogator to counterinrelligence the relationship on an even keel is to maintain the same quiet, relaxed, and open-minded attitude from start to finish.

It seems likely that at least some of the redactions in the original KUBARK document concern methods of psychological or coercive interrogation that have subsequently made public. The term non-coercive is used above to denote methods of interrogation that are not based upon the coercion of an unwilling subject through the employment of superior force originating outside himself.

To attain rapport, the interrogator should be friendly. But if rapport has been established, the interrogatee will be quick to sense and resent this change of attitude.

MDR for Full Text of July “KUBARK Counterintelligence Interrogation” Manual • MuckRock

In other words, as the sights and sounds of an outside world fade away, its significance for the interrogatee tends to do likewise. A Vietnamese paratrooper threatens a suspected Viet Cong soldier with a bayonet during an interrogation in Retrieved November 7, The questioner should not accept a blanket negative without probing.

But at the outset of the interrogation, and perhaps for a long time afterwards, the person being questioned is not greatly concerned with communicating his body of specialized information to his questioner; he is concerned with putting his best foot forward. The guilt-ridden character is hard to interrogate. His money and other possessions have for him a personalized quality; they are parts of himself. An interrogation is not merely a verbal performance; it is a vocal performance, and the voice projects tension, fear, a dislike of certain topics, and other useful pieces of information.

Interrogation sessions with a resistant source who counterintrlligence under detention should not be held on an unvarying schedule. And he can create and amplify an effect of omniscience in a number of ways. The effect upon a cooperative source is inhibitory, and the effect upon a withholding source may be to make him more stubborn.


Is there a torture manual?

Whenever a number of interrogators is available, the percentage of successes is increased by careful matching of questioners and sources and by ensuring that rigid prescheduling does not prevent such matching. An estimate of whether the interrogatee will be cooperative or recalcitrant is essential to planning because very different methods are used in dealing with these two types.

But it is important to assuage the fear of denigration which afflicts many people when first interrogated by making it clear that the individuality of the interrogatee is recognized.

All analyses of the defector-refugee flow have shown that the Orbit services are well-aware of the advantages offered by this channel as a means of planting their agents in target countries.

This stricture does not apply to the writing of autobiographies or on informational matters not a subject of controversy with the source. Between andafter congressional committees began questioning training techniques being used by the CIA in Latin America, the manual went through substantial revision.

It is equally true that some of the most glaring blunders in interrogation and other operational processes have resulted from ignoring the source’s background.

A section on sensory deprivations suggests imprisoning detainees in rooms without sensory stimuli of any kind, “in a cell which has no light,” for example. The more the screener knows about the subject’s native area and cultural background, the less likely is he to disturb the subject by an incongruous remark. Some security services, especially those of the Sino-Soviet Bloc, may work at leisure, depending upon time as well as their own methods to melt recalcitrance.

It is usually a poor practice to hand to even the most cooperative interrogatee an orderly list of questions and ask him to write the answers.